Types Of Refrigeration Appliances
In this section there will be an extensive explanation of the different air conditioners that exist and will be classified according to the place where they are usually used. In this way, they will be divided between those that are usually for domestic use and those that are used commercially.
Ai window conditioning
This is the name by which these devices are usually known, however, their correct name would be “compact”.
The compact air conditioners have all the elements inside the same housing , but they are designed so that, once placed in the room to be cooled, the condenser is on the outside of the room and the evaporator on the inside.
That is to say, internally, this type of apparatus has a separation between the condenser and the evaporator . Therefore, there is no type of air exchange between the interior and exterior of the place where you are. This type of equipment has an option that is usually called “ventilation” in which it will be possible for the outside air to pass into the passenger compartment to be able to renew the air.
The installation of these devices is fixed and can occur in the windows or on the walls , hence its popular name. In theory, these equipments were designed to be installed in the windows, due to the problems of vibrations and humidity. However, in Spain it is much more common to install them on walls, especially in private homes.
This type of air conditioning has traditionally been used in bars, homes and small shops . Its cooling capacity is quite high, varying between 1,200 and 6,000 BTU , so it is capable of cooling a large room. However, this type of equipment is being less and less demanded , due to the preference that exists towards match or console conditioners .This is due, in large part, to its main disadvantages , which are the noise they make when operating, consumption somewhat higher and a very unsophisticated appearance.
However, it also has advantages , such as easy installation and low price of the same or the fact that it hardly needs any maintenance
Split air conditioning or ‘split’
These are known as equipment consoles. This type of equipment is one of those that offer a higher level and are the most complete of all those that are marketed.
The split or console equipment consists of two individual units that are interconnected through the refrigeration lines, which complete the closed refrigeration circuit, and through the electric control lines that exist between the two units.
These two units will be the indoor unit , which will be placed in the space you want to air-condition and which has a more aesthetic design, and the outdoor unit , which is usually placed on the outer walls and is where the air cooling process begins.
This type of refrigeration appliance has a very wide variety of powers that can be adjusted to the different needs of consumers. In this case, the advantages are that the noise levels are much lower, as well as that they are very aesthetic when it comes to placing them in a room. In short, the maintenance they require is quite simple .
On the other hand, it also has drawbacks, as its installation is more complicated , so the costs of it are higher than in the window models, for example. In addition, it is difficult to place it in certain places, such as pre-fabricated walls.
– Roof console
As its name suggests, it is placed on the roof and is a very good solution for establishments such as shops, restaurants, offices or homes that do not have false ceilings and are not very spacious.
Its operation is similar to the wall, although it usually has a greater capacity. The installation it requires is more complex, so its price is also higher. Its main advantage is that its cooling capacity is also higher, from 36,000 to 60,000 BTU, so that with a single device can be cooled a space of very high dimensions.
Its drawback is that it makes more noise than other models and the cost of its installation, which is quite high.
– Central air conditioner
In this type of equipment the same idea is used as in the ‘split’ type. The difference with these is that the installation is much larger and more complex .
The central air conditioning is usually used for the cooling of complete buildings, so its cost is very high. Its main advantage is that it offers great comfort and significantly increases the value of the home that installs it. In addition, its maintenance is very simple and is carried out in periods of time widely spaced from each other. That is, it is not constant.
Among its drawbacks are the high installation costs, as well as requiring the use of conduits, soffits and ceilings for the same.
– Wall (split)
This type of model can be valid for small and medium-sized businesses and shops due to the wide range of powers that can be found in the market.
The wall air conditioning is quite effective in cafes, hairdressers, small shops etc. It has important advantages, such as easy installation , which will prevent the establishment from closing to have this system.
In addition, the cost of such installation is reduced , so that the employer will not have to make an investment too high. The disadvantages are that locals who want to choose this type of equipment can not have separations if they want to achieve uniform cooling. In short, the capacity of these is too low for larger size premises.
– Roof console
This type of air conditioning is highly recommended for places that are not too large, that have a continuous flow of customers and that have open environments.
The advantages that it presents are that its installation is simple and does not require a very high outlay of money, compared to the quality of the service offered. It is also a silent system that does not affect the aesthetics of the business. In many cases it can even be decorative.
Its drawback is that it requires more regular maintenance and more frequently. Especially in the case of businesses that have more open spaces.
– Central air conditioners
This type of systems are used in large buildings and larger premises. In general, they are designed to be installed in offices or buildings that require more power to achieve the desired cooling.
Among the advantages of this type of equipment we find the extra comfort they offer, by providing a very high thermal stability. In addition, they do not require too frequent maintenance and bring great value to the company that installs it, since it will have a comfortable workplace for its workers and customers. Likewise, it will not affect the aesthetics of the premises, building or office where it is placed, since its interior unit is quite discreet.
Its drawbacks lie above all in the costs, since in order to have this type of refrigeration it will be necessary to make an important initial investment. Its installation will require the use of ceilings and ceilings, in addition to the obligatory use of conduits.
The ‘Roof-Top’ units stand out in commercial use due to the ease of installation they offer. These are compact units , so the work of refrigeration connections is eliminated. It provides a great flexibility in its installation, since they allow to choose if you prefer the mouth of the ducts on the side or on the bottom.
Its power is high , so it can be a good option for medium and small businesses.