Types Of Cooling Systems
Within the air conditioners there are several systems to adapt to the needs of each space or consumer. Therefore, in the first place, it is necessary to distinguish between centralized air conditioning systems and autonomous air conditioning systems.
Central air conditioning
This cooling system also consists of an outdoor unit and an indoor unit. However, its main difference with autonomous systems is that with just one device a whole house, office floors or even a complete building can be refrigerated.
The centralized air conditioning system has its outdoor unit outside the house and its indoor unit is usually placed in the bathroom. This place is chosen because it is where it can least bother, as it does not aesthetically affect any other room.
To install this type of air it is necessary that there is a false ceiling , since the indoor unit will be connected with a series of ducts that will travel throughout the house for said false ceiling. Through these ducts, the fresh air that will cool all the rooms will be displaced.
In each room you will find two grilles, one through which the fresh air will come out and another through which the air will return to the outdoor unit. This returning air will not travel through the conduit, but through the additional space created by the double roof. In this way, the air expelled and the returned air will not come into contact.
This type of system is controlled with a thermostat placed either in the main room or in the living room , where temperature and other markers can be regulated, such as humidity or the force with which the air is expelled.
Because there is only one thermostat, or central control, a large amount of energy is wasted when cooling rooms where there may not be anyone. In this way, if you want to install a centralized air system, it is highly recommended to hire the system ‘airzone’.
The ‘airzone’ system consists of installing grilles that are motorized and controlled by a thermostat placed in each of the rooms . Thus, each of the members of the house, or the place you want to cool, you can choose the temperature at which you want to have your room.
It should be noted that you can also turn off the cooling regardless of the fact that the rest of the house continues to operate, which will generate a great saving of energy and money in the final bill.
The main advantages of this air conditioning system are the energy saving that the house has, besides that it offers an improvement of the aesthetics , since the grilles are usually placed in discrete places. In addition, greater comfort is achieved , since the temperature of the place will be much more uniform and will make less noise when the indoor unit is placed in a false ceiling and, generally, in the bathroom.
Autonomous air conditioning
The autonomous air conditioning system is the most common and usually found in homes and small offices. This type of systems has an outdoor unit , placed outside the place where the cooling process begins and which is connected to an indoor unit. This type of indoor unit is usually a device placed in the room that you want to cool and this itself expels fresh air and collects the hot air from the room where it is.
In the case of this system, only the room in which the indoor unit is located can be cooled . Thus, to refrigerate a whole house will be necessary as many appliances as rooms shelter the house.
This would imply a greater expense in equipment installations and in the bill of the light , since in the same house or office several cooling devices would be operating at the same time, which produces a high consumption. However, this type of system has advantages , such as the possibility of regulating the temperature of each room independently or not cooling those rooms that are not being used.